Beans are considered as meat or fruit sometimes because it is the meat part of the food pyramid and they are high in protein. If you are a vegetarian, beans are the great substitute for you to get the nutrients present in the non vegetarian items. Beans are excellent source of the dietary fibre and nutrients such as folate and potassium. The beans have the benefits such as they are low in fat content, no cholesterol, and high in folate, high in potassium, high in iron, and high in magnesium. One-fourth cup of beans counts as one ounce of meat, poultry or fish. Beans are considered as the legumes which is a type of plant that produces edible fruits and seeds. The legume is considered as plant, plant’s fruit and seed which is quite confusing one to understand. Legume fruit is simply a dry one that is from a simple carpel and opens along a seam on two sides.
Well known legumes include alfalfa, clover, peas, beans, lentils, lupins, mesquite, carob, soybeans, peanuts, tamarind and the woody vine visteria. Grain legumes are cultivated to get their seeds and are called as the pulses; they are used for the production of oils. Beans and peas are always considered as unique foods in providing the protein sources. Since the fresh green beans are very low in calories and contain no saturated fat they are a good source of vitamins, minerals and micronutrients. They are very rich in the fiber content which helps to protect the mucous membrane by decreasing the time they exposed to toxic. The fibre content also reduces the blood cholesterol by decreasing the binding bile acids present in the colon.
Vitamin A present in the beans promotes the poly phenolic antioxidants such as lutein, zea-xanthin, and beta carotene in good amount. These compounds are good ones to act against like a sc avenger against oxygen-derived free radicals. These free radicals play a good role in aging and against various disease processes. An important dietary content present in the beans is Zea-xanthin which absorbs the retinal macula lutea in the eyes to provide the antioxidant and protect the UV light filtering functions. Manganese is a co-factor of antioxidant enzyme which acts as a powerful free radical scavenger. Sometimes you may think are beans vegetables or meat? When you think you can meet the protein need from beans also. A protein is a simple thing which is composed of nine essential amino acids which is necessary for the dietary needs of humans. They can be supplied to your body as complete protein or incomplete protein. A complete protein is composed of all the nine essential amino acids they are mostly gained from the meat, poultry and diary. Proteins we get from the plants such as beans, legumes and grains are termed as the incomplete proteins. This means in order to get the protein fully you have to go with both types of foods.